Data security has become an increasingly important concern in recent years– and for a good reason. As data continues to be at the forefront of our digital world, safeguarding sensitive information and maintaining privacy has become necessary. One of the most effective measures to protect our data is through encryption, which translates plaintext data into an unreadable form using complex mathematical algorithms.
While encryption provides a level of security, implementing it can be a daunting challenge. Not only must organizations balance the need to store data while allowing authorized parties to access it securely, but they must also consider the challenges of encrypting data while it is in motion. With container image scanning and runtime security, organizations must ensure that encryption is secure and up-to-date at all times.
What is Data at Rest and Data in Motion?
Data at rest refers to data that is securely stored in a database, file, or hard drive. Examples of data at rest include archived emails, backup files, and old reports. This data sits in a static state, and any application or end-user is not using it. On the other hand, data in motion is data that is being transmitted from one device to another. Whether it is over the internet or a local network, data in motion is in a constant state of flux with every transfer.
Why is Encryption Necessary for Data Security?
Encryption is necessary to protect sensitive data from unauthorized access by converting it into an unusable format without a decryption key. Encryption algorithms, including Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) and Blowfish, use complex mathematical functions to encrypt data.
By encrypting data, organizations prevent unauthorized access to confidential information, including data breaches or theft. Encrypted data ensures that authorized individuals can only access the data, thereby preventing unauthorized access.
Challenges of Implementing Encryption for Data at Rest
Implementing an encryption strategy for data at rest can be challenging. One of the significant challenges is finding the right balance between security and usability. Encryption can be resource-intensive, and encrypting large amounts of data can slow down a system. Managing decryption keys, backups, and recovery can also be complex and time-consuming.
Another challenge with data at rest is the potential for physical attacks on the server where the data is stored. With physical access to the storage device, attackers may be able to circumvent encryption and gain access to sensitive data. Additionally, many encryption algorithms today rely on robust, high-quality keys. An attacker can easily decode the encrypted data if these are compromised or stolen.
Challenges of Implementing Encryption for Data in Motion
Implementing encryption for data in motion presents a different set of challenges. First, there is the challenge of implementing encryption for real-time data streams. Encryption can add latency to data transfers, potentially game-breaking with time-sensitive data, which might cause significant challenges such as broken integrations.
Secondly, secure transport layers protocols such as SSL and TLS are used to protect data in transit. However, these protocols are not infallible, and there have been instances where attacks have been successful. Furthermore, attackers could potentially stage man-in-the-middle attacks and intercept secure transmissions, allowing them to obtain sensitive data.
Additional challenges that organizations face include key management and certificate management over the lifetime of data in motion. The key remains valid and must be stored securely, with limited access to authorized users. Any revocation of the said key during its lifetime must be communicated across all entities that use the same key.
Also Read: 6 Ways To Accomplish Your Cloud Security
Best Practices for Establishing an Effective Encryption Strategy
One of the most crucial aspects of establishing an effective strategy is understanding which data requires encryption and selecting the right algorithm to use. An effective encryption strategy includes encrypting sensitive data both in motion and at rest. Furthermore, ensuring that the keys used to access the encrypted data records are secure via key management is critical.
One of the best practices to follow when implementing an encryption strategy is to use a combination of symmetric and asymmetric encryption. Symmetric encryption uses the same key to encrypt and decrypt data requiring a solitary entity managing it. On the other hand, asymmetric encryption requires each user to have two keys – a private key and a public key.
Organizations must also have a plan to store securely and backup keys across their lifetime. This includes central key management, which ensures tighter control over the decrypted data. Additionally, you could also use identity management and multi-factor authentication for ease of use and an added layer of security.
Steps to Take to Overcome the Challenges of Implementing Encryption
Implementing encryption for data at rest and in motion is a complex process. Here are six steps to overcome the challenges of implementing encryption:
- Understand the data types that require encryption.
- Plan a centralized key management program.
- Identify and use an encryption algorithm that balances security and usability.
- Implement multi-factor authentication.
- Conduct vulnerability scans and penetration testing on encryption controls.
- Document the encryption strategy and all related processes.
Techspurblog is a blog dedicated to providing industry-leading insights, tips, tricks and tools on topics such as web design, app development, SEO and more. We also provide reviews of the latest tech products and services that can help you get the most out of your business.